Principles of Information Science
Chapter 10
Methodology,Applications & Progress
§ 1 Introduction
Background for New Methodology
Modern natural science methodology is mainly based on
matter and energy,
Even though matter and energy are still necessitate factors
in information system,yet the characteristic feature of
information systems,particularly the complex ones,is
neither matter nor energy,but information,
Without information,the complex information systems,like
brain and intelligent life,cannot be understood,
The Weakness of Old
Structuralism (Matter) – The Same Function May Have
Different Structure
Functionalism (Energy) – The Same Function May Have
Different Mechanisms
Information – Central Mechanism for Complex Systems
§ 2 Methodology of Informatics
-- Information (Mechanism) analysis of complex systems
-- Information (Mechanism) synthesis of complex systems
-- Information (Mechanism) evolution of complex systems
The related criteria of the methodology include,
The main body of the methodology includes,
-- The trinity of matter,energy,and information;
-- The trinity of structure,function,and behavior,
Mechanism for Intelligent System
Information Knowledge Intelligence
§ 3 Implications of The
It is complementary to the traditional methodology,
The applicability of the methodology is mainly in the complex
systems,like intelligence,biological function and behavior
understanding and simulation,
Human society,as well as many macro-systems in economy,
is also a complex system with information as a dominant,
and characterized,factor,As result,the methodology should
be applicable to social science and economic systems,
Comprehensive Information Theory Based
Natural Language Processing and Understanding
Syntactic Semantic
Input Language Understanding
A New Tendency
Ancient Time
Shallow-and-Unitarily Thinking
Modern Time
Divided-and-Analyzed Thinking
Present Time
Integrated and Comprehensive Thinking
Information Science is one of the examples,