I Teaching aims:
1. to learn the new words and expressions;
2. to improve reading skills
3. to analyze the structure of the text
Grateful, harden, hopeful, noticeable, largely, weaken, swallow, helpless
Spoil, overnight, assign, barely, tendency, generous, somewhat, accommodation, variable, loosen, selfish, sensitive, limited, uncover, prompt, definite, gradual
2.key phrases and expressions:
Close at hand, pick up, couple with, die from, die of, direct at, starve of, struggle to do, lean on
Pack with, make appoint, take…for granted, hold down, make fun of, attempt, stand up to, along with, give in, to some degree, on demand, turn over a new leaf
First period: Text A
~~ Weeping for My Smoking Daughter ~~
Being a mother of a smoking daughter, the author makes a brief description of how her father had been destroyed by tobacco, expresses regret for her daughter’s self-poisoning, and shows great will to fight against tobacco.
Part 1. (paras1) My daughter smokes.
Part 2 (paras2-5) The author makes a brief description of how her father had been destroyed by tobacco.
Part 3 (paras6-7) regret for her daughter’s self-poisoning.
Part 4 (paras8) The author shows great will to fight against tobacco.
1. weep: vi. cry
weep with joy
The girl wept over her sad fate.
Mrs. Miller wept at the news that her cat had been killed by a truck.
2. her feet on the bench in front of her and her calculator clicking out answers: The expression describes the behavior or a minor event which goes with the major event in the clause. This type of expression can be rewritten by adding “with” or by using the “and+finite verb” structure.
The man sat in the front row, his hands on the table.
The man sat in the front row, with his hands on the table.
The man sat in the front row, and his hands were on the table.
He fell to the ground, blood streaming from his nose.
He fell to the ground, with blood streaming from his nose.
He fell to the ground, and blood streamed from his nose.
3. (close) at hand: within reach; near (in time)
When Betty writes, she always keeps a dictionary at hand.
The end-of-term examination is close at hand.
4. study: examine carefully
He studied her face wondering what she was thinking about.
She studied the map (report).
5. grateful: a. wanting to thank sb.for sth.---be grateful to sb. for sth.
We are very grateful to you for four help when we are in trouble.
The old man was most grateful to his neighbors for sending for a doctor for him.
6. harden: v. 1) make sb. less conscious of
He became hardened to the suffering around him.
As the war progressed, attitudes on both sides hardened.
2) (cause sth to ) become hard,strong,etc.
The food hardens as it cools.
The paint takes a few minutes to harden.
7. couple with: (usu.pass.) link/associate sth with sth. Else;
The bad light, coupled with the wet ground, made the game very difficult.
The writer wrote with plain words coupled with hunor.
8. be/get hooked on sth: a. depending or relying on sth.,
Be/get hooked on alcohol/jogging/computer games
9. unnoticeable: a. not easily seen or noticed
The difference between the two colors is quite unnoticeable.
There was an unnoticeable smile on the girl’s face.
The side-effects of the drug are unnoticeable within a short period of time.
10. upon/on: prep. Immediately after the occasion of sth
Upon asking for information I was told I must wait.
11. not unusual: the negative word “not” and the negative prefix “un-“ cancel one another and form an affirmative sentence.
Nowadays it is not unusual for a girl to wear her hair short.
It is not unusual for the boy to get up very early in the morning.
Heavy snow is not unusual in the northeastern part of China.
12 slim: a.1) thin; not fat
I’m trying to get slim.
She ‘s got a lovely slim figure.
2) not thick
a slim pocket-book
It’s quite a slim book so it’s not too heavy to carry around in your bag.
3) very small
There are slim hopes of success.
They have only a slim chance of winning.
13. weaken: v. make or become weak or weaker
Hunger obviously weakens the children in Africa.
The disease is steadily weakening her heart.
The fall in productivity has weakened the country’s economy.
14. swallow: vt. 1) cause or allow (esp. food or drink) to go down the throat
He swallowed the food hastily.
If you don’t chew your food properly, it’s difficult to swallow it.
He put a grape into his mouth and swallowed it whole.
2) believe sth too easily
He swallowed her story whole. / I found it hard to swallow his explanation.
15. pregnant: a. ( of a woman or a female animal) having a baby or babies developing in the body
A woman is pregnant for nine months before a child is born.
Her daughter was six months pregnant then.
16. batter: vt. Hit sb/sth hard and often
The heavy waves battered the ship to pieces./The ship was battered against the rocks.
The storm battered the trees./ He kept battering at the door/ Your car looks rather battered.
17. helplessly: ad. without the strength or power to do anything useful or to protect oneself
The old lady stood by helplessly as the young men robbed the bank.
V.Homework Ex. X on P126
Second period:Finish ex. of Text A on the textbook and the ex.book.
~~Stop Spoiling Your Children~~
The tendency to spoil children is quite common in America. The author presents us with the reasons for this unreasonable spoiling, and the results of it as well. He also states his point about how to solve this dangerous problem.
1. spoil: vt. 1) do harm to the character, nature, or attitude of a person, esp. a child by lack of discipline or give too much attention or praise
Parents tend to spoil their only child.
That child is so spoiled.
2) make sth. Useless --- The bad news has spoiled my day.
vi. ( of food, etc) become bad or unfit to be used, eaten, etc.
The cake will spoil if you don’t keep it in the fridge.
The dinner spoiled because he put the stove on too high.
2. overnight: ad. 1) during or for the night
We stayed overnight with my mother./ They traveled overnight because it was cheaper.
2) suddenly or very quickly
That singer became famous overnight.
The book was an overnight success./ Don’t forget to pack an overnight bag.
3. assign: vt. 1) name sb. for a task or position
They’ve assigned their best man to the job./We’ll have to assign a role to our new trainee.
2) give sth to sb as a share of work to be done or things to be used
The two large classrooms have been assigned to us.
3) name or fix ( a time, place, reason, etc. for sth)
Shall we assign Thursday for our weekly meetings?
It is impossible to assign an exact date to this building.
4. barely: ad. only just
They barely had time to catch the plane./ He barely passed the exam.
He had barely enough money to buy food.
5. Make a/one’s point: state a point
He’s just made an interesting point./You made an original point in your speech.
6. tendency: n. direction for sth to happen
Prices show a tendency to increase./He has a tendency to get angry if he is criticized.
There is a growing tendency for people to work at home instead of in their office.
7. out of: because of sth
help someone out of pity
ask out of curiosity
I attended the lecture out of interest.
8. accommodation: n. 1) (pl.) room(s) and food
Can you find accommodations at the hotel for the night?
The society provides accommodations for the meeting.
2) (C,U) (fml.) a convenient arrangement;
The two sides failed to agree on every point but came to an accommodation.
If labor and management don’t reach an accommodation, there will be a strike.
9. compensate: vi. Provide sth good to balance or reduce the bad effects of loss, damage or injury
A dog’s good sense of smell compensate for its poor eyesight.
For fear that: because of fear that, in case
Shut the window for fear that it may rain.
I dare not go there for fear that he will see me.
10. stand up to: 1) meet or face bravely --- Why don’t you stand up to your boss when you know you are right.
A soldier must stand up to danger.
2) not be changed or damaged by
Will the lorries stand up to the journey over rough roads?
Their reasoning won’t stand up to detailed criticism.
Ⅲ.Exercises: exercises of text B in the exercise book